Wednesday, January 11, 2012

Geology Museum Bandung

The museum was established on May 16, 1928. The museum was renovated with funding assistance from JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency). From here can be obtained various information related to the geology problem. Among the objects that become fossilized skull collection is the world's first human, animal skeleton fossils of pre-historic, weighing 156 kg meteorite that fell on March 30, 1884 at Jatipelangon, Madison. As a historic monument, this museum is considered a national heritage and are under government protection. This museum store and manage the abundant geological materials, such as fossils, rocks, minerals, collected during fieldwork in Indonesia since 1850. Geology Museum is located at Diponegoro street, not far from the Sate House

Geological museum was initially serves as a laboratory and storage areas of geological and mining results from different regions of Indonesia and then expand again not only as a means of research but also function as a means of education, provider of a variety of information about earth science and tourism object.

The shift function of museums in tune with technological advances are making the geological museum as:
Place outside of school education relating to the earth and its preservation efforts.
Where people do the initial assessment prior to field research. Where Museum Geology as earth science information center depicting the state of Indonesia earth geology in the form of a collection of teaching aids.

Geotourism object of interest.
Museum of Geology is divided into several showrooms which occupies the first and second floors.
Floor I
Divided into three main spaces: Space orientation in the middle, Space West Wing and East Wing Room.

Space Orientation
Contains a geographic map of Indonesia in the form of reliefs that show the big screen and geological activity in the form of an animation museum, museum information services chambers and the chamber of educational services and research.

Space West Wing
Known as Room Geology Indonesia, which consists of several chambers that provide information about:

The hypothesis of the Earth in the solar system.
Regional tectonic fabric forming Indonesia geology; embodies in the form of mock-models of the movement of these plates on the earth's crust.
Sumatran geological circumstances, Java, Sulawesi, Maluku and East South East Nusa and Irian Jaya.
In addition to models and information panels, each chamber in this room also exhibits various types of rocks (frozen, sedimentary, metamorphic) and mineral resources that exist in every region. Rocks and minerals occupy the booth to the west, which exhibits various types of rocks, minerals and chrystallography arrangement in the form of panels and the original exhibit. Still in the same room, showcased Indonesia's geological research activities including the types of equipment / equipment field, mapping and research facilities as well as the final result of activities such as map (geology, geophysics, volcano, geomorphology, seismotectonic and everything) and publications as Indonesia geological data and information. Western tip of wing space is the space into the Holy Mountain fire, which demonstrates the state several active volcanoes in Indonesia such as: Tangkuban Boat, Krakatoa, Galunggung, Merapi and Stone. In addition to information panels room is equipped with a model of a complex volcano-Bromo-Semeru Kelut. Some examples of volcanic rocks of the activities are arranged in glass cabinets.
East Wing room
The room is a portrait of the history of growth and development of living things, from primitive to modern, who inhabit this planet is known as the living history of life.

Image panels that adorn the walls of the room begins with information about the state of the earth formed about 4.5 billion years ago, where most living things primitive not been found. A few billion years later, when the ground was calm, the environment supports the development of several types of single-celled plants, whose existence is recorded in fossil form.
Reptiles reinforced-sized rear living master until Late Middle Period of the Mesozoic (210-65 million years ago) demonstrated in the form of fossil replica of Tyrannosaurus Rex Osborn (savage meat-eating lizard type) which extends for 19 m, height 6.5 m and weight 8 ton. Early life in the earth that began about 3 billion years ago then developed and evolved until now. Traces the evolution of mammals that live in the Tertiary era (6.5 to 1.7 million years ago) and Quaternary (1.7 million years ago until now) in Indonesia recorded either through mammal fossils (elephant, rhino, buffalo, horses nil) and the hominids found in a layer of soil in some places, especially in Java. Collection of fossils-ancient human skull found in Indonesia (Homo erectus P. VIII) and in several other places in the world collected in the form of a replica. Used similarly artifact, which characterized the development of ancient cultures, from anytime. Stratigraphy of Quaternary sediments Sangiran area, Sandpipers and Mojokerto (East Java) that is very meaningful in expressing the history and evolution of human-ancient model in the form of panels and mockups. The history of the formation of the legendary Lake of Bandung displayed in the form of panels at the end of the room. Fossil snakes and fish found in the lining of ex-Lake Bandung and also artifact model in its original form. Artifacts collected from several places on the outskirts of the Lake of Bandung indicate that about 6000 years ago the lake have been inhabited by prehistoric humans. Full information of fossils and remnants of past lives are placed in separate room in Space History of Life. The information presented including the fossilization process, including coal and petroleum, in addition to state-ancient environment.
Second Floor
Divided into 3 main rooms: west room, living room and east room

West room
used by museum staff.

While the living room and east room on the second floor is used for demonstration known as the geological space for human life.
Central space
Contains a scale model of the world's largest gold mining, which is located in the Middle Mountains of Irian Jaya. Gransberg open pit mine which has reserves of about 1.186 billion tons, with a content of 1.02% copper, 1.19 grams gold / tonne and 3 grams silver / tonne. Combination of several open pit and underground mines active in the surrounding areas provide ore reserves of 2.5 billion tons. Former Mine of Hertzberg (Mount Ore) in the southeast Grasberg mine which closed in 1988 was the site geology and mines that can be harnessed and developed into an interesting object geotourism. Several rock samples from Irian Jaya (Papua) and terpamer arranged in glass cabinets around the mockups. Miniature tower of oil and gas drilling are also exhibited here.

East Room
Divided into 7 small rooms, all of which provide information about positive and negative aspects of the settlement of geology to human life, especially in Indonesia.

Room 1 presents information about the benefits and uses of minerals or rocks to humans, as well as the panel draw swampy mineral resources in Indonesia.

Room 2 featuring footage of exploration activities and exploitation of mineral resources.

Room 3 contains information about the use of minerals in everyday life, both traditional and modern.
Room 4 shows how the processing and management of mineral and energy commodities.
Room 5 presents information on various types of geological hazards (negative aspects) such as landslide, volcanoes eruption and so on.
Chamber 6 presents information about the positive aspects of geology is primarily concerned with the symptoms of fire into the Holy Mountain.
Room 7 explaining about water resources and their utilization, as well as environmental influences on the sustainability of these resources.

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