Wednesday, September 14, 2011

Patengan Lake

Patengan Lake, derived from the Sundanese language, "Pateangan-teangan" which means to find each other. It is said that there used to be a pair of lovebirds and goddess Ki Santang Rengganis who love each other. They parted for so long, and eachsearch. Finally they met at a place called Stone Love. Goddess Rengganis also asked for the lake and a boat to sail together. The boat is what until then had been a heart-shaped island (island Asmara / island Sasaka).

Stone Love Island AsmaraKonon reportedly, for couples that surround the island andstop at the stone Asmara Love will find eternal love like a couple. Without wasting a chance, we also hire a boat and circled the island and drop into the stone of Love. On the trip, the boatmen Asmara told also that the island is haunted, and should only bevisited by a visitor if it be authorized and accompanied by the gatekeeper

Observatorium Boscha Bandung

Bosscha Observatory is one of the oldest star observation in Indonesia. Bosscha Observatory is located in Lembang, West Java, about 15 km in the northern city of Bandung with geographic coordinates 107 ° 36 'east longitude and 6 ° 49' south latitude. This place stands on the land area of ​​6 hectares, and located at an altitude of 1310 meters above sea level or at an altitude of 630 m from the plateau of Bandung.Code of the International Astronomical Union observatory to observatory Bosscha is 299.

Bosscha Observatory (formerly called Bosscha Sterrenwacht) built by the Nederlandsch-Indische Vereeniging Sterrenkundige (NISV) or the Association of the Dutch East Indies star. At the first meeting NISV, it was decided to build an observatory in Indonesia for the sake of advancing the science of Astronomy in the Dutch East Indies. And in that meeting, Karel Albert Rudolf Bosscha, a landlord at the Malabar tea plantation, willing to be the major funders and promised to provide assistance purchasing telescopes. In recognition of his services K.A.R. Bosscha in the construction of this observatory, hence the name Bosscha immortalized as the name of this observatory.

Construction of the observatory itself is spending less than 5 years since 1923 until 1928.

The first international publication Bosscha Observatory conducted in 1933. However, later observations were to be discontinued because of World War II. After the war, carried out extensive renovations to the observatory is due to the ravages of war until the end of the observatory can operate normally again.

Then on October 17, 1951, this observatory NISV handed to the government of Indonesia. After Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) was established in 1959, Bosscha Observatory became part of the ITB. And since then, Bosscha functioned as research institutes and Astronomy formal education in Indonesia.

There are 5 pieces of large telescopes, namely:

Zeiss double refractor telescope
The telescope is used for visual double star observing, measuring the eclipse photometry of stars, watching the image of the crater of the moon, planetary observing, watching the opposition of Mars, Saturn, Jupiter, and to observe the comet's bright and detailed image of the other heavenly bodies. The telescope has two objective lenses with a diameter of each lens is 60 cm, with hotspots or the focus is 10.7 meters.

Schmidt telescope Milky Way
This telescope is used to study the structure of the Milky Way, study the spectrum of stars, observe the asteroid, supernova, bright and Nova for the specified chemical composition, and to take pictures of sky objects. 71.12 cm diameter lens. Biconcaf-diameter lens correction biconfex 50 cm. Flame point / focus of 2.5 meters. Also equipped with a prism refracting the prime corner of 6.10, to obtain spectra of stars.This dispersion prism 312A at H-gamma every night. The tools are extra-Wedge Sensitometer telescope, to menera blackish scales bright stars, and film recorders

Bamberg refractor telescope
The telescope is used for menera bright stars, determining the distance scale, measuring the eclipse photometry of stars, watching the image of the crater of the moon, solar observations, and to observe other celestial bodies. Equipped with a photoelectric photometer to obtain the scale-bright stars of light intensity that caused electricity. Lens diameter 37 cm. Focal point of a fire or 7 meters.

Cassegrain telescope GOTO
With this telescope, the object can be directly observed by entering the object position data. Then the observation data will be entered into the data storage media directly.Binoculars can also be used to measure the star's light and strong spectral observations of stars. Dilengakapi with a spectrograph and photoelectric-photometer

Unitron refractor telescope
This telescope is used to make observations moon, lunar eclipse observation and solar eclipses, sunspots and photo shoots as well as observations of other celestial objects.With a lens diameter 13 cm, and the focus of 87 cm

Monumen Bandung Lautan Api

Bandung Lautan Api Monument in Bandung is the tallest monument in Bandung. This monument is located in the region Tegallega. This monument height 5.4 m. Point to commemorate the events of South Bandung scorched earth, led by Muhammad Toha

Independence August 17, 1945, Indonesia has not fully independent. Independence must be achieved little by little through the struggle of the people who are willing to sacrifice everything. After Japan's defeat, the British soldiers came to disarm the Japanese soldiers. They conspired with the Dutch and manipulated the Japanese to re-colonize Indonesia. Traces of Struggle "Bandung Ocean of Fire" takes us to retrace the events in Bandung which culminated in a tense night, as residents fled, fled, in the midst of flames and fire musuh.Sebuah story about hope, courage and compassion. A story of our fighters.

News reading text of the Proclamation of Independence of Jakarta in Bandung received through Domei news agency on Friday morning, August 17, 1945. The next day, August 18, 1945, the printed text has been scattered. Printed with red ink by the Printing Siliwangi. DENIS House, Jalan Braga (now Building Bank Jabar), tearing incident blue flag of the Netherlands, so the color red and white live a flag of Indonesia. Tearing with the bayonet was carried by a young man named Mohammad Endang Indonesia karmas, assisted by Maj. Moeljono.
Dated August 27, 1945, formed the People's Safety Agency (BKR), followed by the formation of Women Warriors of Indonesia (LASWI) on October 12, 1945. Number of members 300 people, consisting of the combat troops, Red Cross, the investigation and supplies.

Events that worsen the situation occurred on 25 November 1945. In addition to facing an enemy attack, the people face huge flood overflow Cikapundung River. Hundreds of victims washed away and thousands of residents homeless. This situation used to attack enemies of the people who were facing disaster.

Various pressures and attacks continue to be made by the English and Dutch. Dated December 5, 1945, several British aircraft bombed the area Lengkong Great. On December 21, 1945, the British dropped the bombs and indiscriminate gunfire at the Cicadas. More victims fell.

Ultimatum to Army of the Republic of Indonesia (TRI) to leave the city and the people, politics gave birth to "bumihangus". People are not willing to Bandung dimafaatkan by the enemy. They fled to the south along with the fighters. Decision to be taken by consensus Bandung burned the Union Assembly Priangan Struggle (MP3) in the presence of all the power struggles, on March 24, 1946.

Colonel Abdul Haris Nasution as Commander of Division III, announced the results of these deliberations and ordered to leave the city of Bandung. That same day, the group running the length of the population left the city Bandung. That night the burning city held a grand scale. The fire flashed from their respective houses that burned homes and property, then the longer the wave of a large fire. After midnight the town was empty and only left the house ruins are still on.

Bandung scorched earth is the right thing, because the strength of TRI will not be able to resist a powerful enemy. Next TRI conduct a guerrilla resistance from outside Bandung.This event gave birth to the song "Halo-Halo Bandung" which excited the people of Indonesia burning power struggle.

Tuesday, September 13, 2011

Gedung Sate

Gedung Sate, with his trademark form of ornament skewers on the central tower, has long been a marker or landmark of Bandung is not only known to the public in West Java, but also throughout Indonesia even model building was used as a sign of some buildings and signs of the city in West Java. For example the front of the building form Railway Station Tasikmalaya. Began construction in 1920, this white building is still standing strong but graceful and now serves as the central building of government of West Java.

Gedung Sate is in the Dutch East Indies was called Gouvernements Bedrijven (GB), laying the first stone by Johanna Catherina Coops, eldest daughter of the Mayor of Bandung, B. Coops and Petronella Roelofsen, representing the Governor-General in Batavia, JP Graaf van Limburg Stirum on July 27, 1920, is the result of a planning team consisting of Ir.J.Gerber, a young architect famous graduates of the Faculty of Engineering of Delft Netherlands, Ir. Eh. De Roo and Ir. G. Hendriks and van Gemeente Bandoeng party, headed by Col.. Pur. VL. Slors involving 2000 workers, 150 people including sculptors, or expert bongpay tombstone carver and wood engraver Chinese nationals from Konghu or Cantonese, assisted by masons, coolies stir and servers that come from residents in Kampung Sekeloa, Dago small hole Kampung, Kampung Gandok and Kampung Cibarengkok, which they had previously worked Gedong shingles (ITB Campus) and Gedong Papak (Bandung City Hall).
Gedung Sate (ca.1920-28)

During the period of four years in September 1924 successfully completed the construction of the main building Gouverments Bedrijven parent, including the headquarters of the PTT (Postal, Telephone and Telegraph and the Library.

Architecture Gedung Sate is the work of architect Ir. J. Gerber and his group are not independent of the input maestro Dr.Hendrik Dutch architect Petrus Berlage, who bernuansakan face of the traditional architecture of the archipelago.

Many among architects and building experts expressed Gedung Sate is a stunning elegant monumental building with unique architectural style leads to a form of architectural style of Indo-European (Indo Europeeschen architectuur Stijl), so it is not impossible if the elegance of Borobudur participate coloring Gedung Sate.

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